New recommendations to tackle drug abuse
An independent group has recommended improved measures to tackle drug abuse in England, as deaths in 2015 hit the highest number ever recorded.
Although overall drug use continues to decline, new statistics show related deaths rose to 2,300 in 2015, an 8.5 per cent increase on the previous year. Deaths increased by 17 per cent in 2014 and 21 per cent in 2013.Â Heroin related deaths in England and Wales have doubled since 2012 to the highest since records began 20 years ago.
An independent expert group convened by Public Health England Â and the Local Government Association, hasÂ highlighted a number of principles for action by local authorities, drug treatment providers and others, including:
- Coordinate whole-system approaches that can address health inequalities and meet complex needs, with better access to physical and mental healthcare, and to other support which could include housing and employment
- Improve access to good quality drug treatment, especially for those not currently in treatment who are harder to reach, for example, through outreach and needle and syringe programmes
- Maintain a personalised approach to drug treatment and recovery support, tailored to the userâ€™s needs, according to national guidelines
- Ensure that the risk of death is properly assessed and understood, addressing any identified poor practice.
Drug use is the fourth most common cause of death for those aged 15 to 49 in England, and the majority of those dying from opiates have either never, or not recently, been in treatment.
PHE will continue to support local authorities in delivering tailored, effective services where people stand the best chance of recovery, saidÂ Rosanna Oâ€™Connor, its director of drugs, alcohol and tobacco.
The expert group noted that the reasons for the rising rates were complex, but could be linked to the return of previous availability and purity of heroin, and an ageing group of heroin users who have multiple physical and mental health problems.
Although deaths associated with new psychoactive substances (previously known as legal highs) are relatively small in number, they are increasing and may present a more significant problem in the future, especially as not enough is known about the long term effects of their use.
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